For kata videos and instructions (i.e. for Shotokan kata or Taekwondo forms & patterns), please visit the main Kata & Forms section.
Benefits of Kata- According to kata proponents
Solo practice. The ability to practice martial arts techniques without a partner.
Ability to practice dangerous techniques without injuring a partner (i.e. practicing to break an elbow joint).
Teaches students how to use a variety of techniques (i.e. kicks, strikes and blocks) in different combinations.
Reinforces the knowledge of basic techniques and stances via repetition.
Muscle memory of different self-defense techniques due to repetition.
Improved fitness & conditioning.
Bunkai (kata training with a partner) reinforces the lessons learned in solo kata and shows how kata techniques are applied against a "real" opponent.
Safe practice of weapon-based training (as you are striking an imaginary opponent).
Honors the ancient traditions of a martial arts since kata has been taught for centuries.
Slow kata can be used a form of "moving meditation" or "dynamic mediation".
According to USA Taekwondo, benefits include "You don't get kicked in the face. You don't have to make weight. People are nice to each other. Families can take part. Older people can compete".
Perceived Negatives of Kata- According to kata opponents
Too stilted & scripted.
Imaginary opponents "don't hit back" (paraphrasing a famous Bruce Lee saying).
Too slow. Live opponents move much faster than the actions in kata.
Teaches some questionable or "antique" techniques.
Many instructors do not teach the self-defense aspects of kata. Therefore, kata can be perceived as a martial arts "dance" needed just to pass a belt test.
Difficult to practice grappling techniques with kata.
Can be boring for beginners.
Some styles require students to learn multiple katas. This can be difficult to remember, especially as you progress in your martial arts training and you must remember all of the past kata that you were taught.
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