Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Terminology

Join this free martial arts wiki. Add info & help beginners with Shotokan Kata, Kicks, Punches, Grappling, Taekwondo Forms & Patterns, Aikido, Goju-Ryu, Krav Maga, Bo Staff, Judo, Kyokushin, etc. Fitness experts can help with Strength Training, Core Exercises, Warm-Ups, Balance, Stretching, Conditioning, etc. Talk with fellow martial artists by joining our Wiki Community.

Wiki Revision Date - 31 Jan 2014 04:10

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Terminology

Here are some of the key words, terms and commands used in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu or BJJ.

To learn how to count in BJJ, visit the Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Numbers page. Visit the Grappling section for instructions on specific BJJ techniques (i.e. Omoplata and Kimura).

For other martial arts words & commands, please visit the main Martial Arts Terminology section.

Terms & Commands used in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ)

  1. Gi - Uniform
  2. No-Gi - Practice/training without a Gi (uniform)
  3. Armbar - Locking the elbow joint of an opponent's arm. Usually causes opponent to tap out.
  4. Back Mount or Rear Mount - This is a position where a student has control of another student from the back (i.e. a student is face down with another student straddling his back).
  5. Break Fall - A technique to "break your fall" when thrown or falling by slapping your arm on the ground and properly positioning your body.
  6. Bridge - A technique use to "buck" off or dislodge an opponent who is in the mount position.
  7. Closed Guard - When you are on your back and you have your legs wrapped around your opponent's back & your feet are locked together.
  8. Gi Choke - Where you use your Gi (uniform) or your opponent's Gi to perform a choking technique.
  9. Guard Position - When a BJJ student is on the bottom trying to defend against another student (who is on top of them) by wrapping their legs around the opponent.
  10. Half Guard - A defensive position where you are on your back. One of your feet is on the inside of an opponent's leg and the other is on the outside. From this position, many students will try to move to a guard position.
  11. Mount Position - Where a BJJ student is sitting on top of another student's chest or waist.
  12. Neck Crank - A technique where a BJJ student pulls on or twists an opponent's head in order to create neck/spinal pain. Banned from most competitions.
  13. Pass - Transitioning from one position to another (i.e. "passing" or getting around an opponent's guard position in order to gain control).
  14. Side Control - This is a position where a student controls another student from the side (i.e. one student is on his back and the other student is on top with his legs positioned out to the side of the opponent for better control).
  15. Submission - Where a student forces another student to submit (give up) through a choke, arm bar, etc.
  16. Sweep - Gaining a dominant position through a sweeping technique (i.e. knocking an opponent to the ground by sweeping them off their feet through a leg grab).
  17. Take The Back - To maneuver into position to achieve a back mount (or rear mount).
  18. Tap Out or Tapping - A BJJ student indicates his submission by tapping on the ground or on his opponent.
  19. Turtle - A defensive ground position where you tuck in your arms, legs and head like a turtle hiding in its shell.


Join the Wiki Community!

We hope you become a wiki member. You can join via the wiki or via Facebook.
Talk to fellow martial artists on the wiki community. Members can ask questions, post answers & videos and even tell the occasional martial arts joke!

Latest Pages Added to Wiki

Popular Community Posts

Latest Posts Added to Community

  • Martial Arts Burnout & Recovering Lost Students We have talked about martial arts "burnout". This is when a student take an extended break or leaves martial arts entirely due to work/family problems, issues with time commitment, injuries or a wide variety of other causes. How does your school deal...
  • Escrima "on the rocks" a clip of some fun stick work with one of my students last week blocking close quarter butting strikes while using footwork on the rocks by the shallows of the beach gonna take some more environmental training videos here in the next few weeks
  • What is the biggest downside of martial arts training? How would you answer a potential student if they asked "What is the biggest downside of martial arts training"? I know that we all love martial arts training... but please do not give any answers like there are no downsides, etc. Try to point out some...



Martial Arts Books
(Click on the pictures below to learn more about these books)


At no extra cost to you, Black Belt Wiki makes a small commission if you buy products via these links. Your purchase helps keep this wiki free for all visitors. Thank you for your support!






Material on this wiki may not be copied or reproduced without the written approval of Black Belt Wiki.
All rights reserved. For other terms & conditions, please read our legal disclaimer. This site is for informational purposes only. All martial arts techniques and fitness exercises should be supervised by a trained martial arts instructor in order to prevent injuries and to ensure the proper technique is utilized. If you have had an injury or are in pain, please see a doctor before starting or continuing any martial arts and/or physical fitness program.




Wiki
Martial Arts Products