Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Terminology
Join this free martial arts wiki & community. Add info to wiki & help beginners with Shotokan Kata, Kicks, Punches, Grappling, Taekwondo Forms & Patterns, Aikido, Goju-Ryu, Krav Maga, Bo Staff, Judo, Kyokushin, etc. Fitness experts can help with Hojo Undo, Strength Training, Core Exercises, Warm-Ups, Balance, Stretching, etc. Meet your fellow martial artists by joining our Wiki Community.
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Terminology
Here are some of the key words, terms and commands used in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu or BJJ.
To learn how to count in BJJ, visit the Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Numbers page. Visit the Grappling section for instructions on specific BJJ techniques (i.e. Omoplata and Kimura).
For other martial arts words & commands, please visit the main Martial Arts Terminology section.
Terms & Commands used in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ)
- Gi - Uniform
- No-Gi - Practice/training without a Gi (uniform)
- Armbar - Locking the elbow joint of an opponent's arm. Usually causes opponent to tap out.
- Back Mount or Rear Mount - This is a position where a student has control of another student from the back (i.e. a student is face down with another student straddling his back).
- Break Fall - A technique to "break your fall" when thrown or falling by slapping your arm on the ground and properly positioning your body.
- Bridge - A technique use to "buck" off or dislodge an opponent who is in the mount position.
- Closed Guard - When you are on your back and you have your legs wrapped around your opponent's back & your feet are locked together.
- Gi Choke - Where you use your Gi (uniform) or your opponent's Gi to perform a choking technique.
- Guard Position - When a BJJ student is on the bottom trying to defend against another student (who is on top of them) by wrapping their legs around the opponent.
- Half Guard - A defensive position where you are on your back. One of your feet is on the inside of an opponent's leg and the other is on the outside. From this position, many students will try to move to a guard position.
- Mount Position - Where a BJJ student is sitting on top of another student's chest or waist.
- Neck Crank - A technique where a BJJ student pulls on or twists an opponent's head in order to create neck/spinal pain. Banned from most competitions.
- Pass - Transitioning from one position to another (i.e. "passing" or getting around an opponent's guard position in order to gain control).
- Side Control - This is a position where a student controls another student from the side (i.e. one student is on his back and the other student is on top with his legs positioned out to the side of the opponent for better control).
- Submission - Where a student forces another student to submit (give up) through a choke, arm bar, etc.
- Sweep - Gaining a dominant position through a sweeping technique (i.e. knocking an opponent to the ground by sweeping them off their feet through a leg grab).
- Take The Back - To maneuver into position to achieve a back mount (or rear mount).
- Tap Out or Tapping - A BJJ student indicates his submission by tapping on the ground or on his opponent.
- Turtle - A defensive ground position where you tuck in your arms, legs and head like a turtle hiding in its shell.
Wiki Recommendations by Google
New Posts on the Wiki Community
- A Couple of less well known Karate Techniques Here are a couple of traditional Okinawan Karate Techniques that are still practiced (to some degree) in a few styles but are on the whole forgotten! http://www.karatebyjesse.com/2-okinawan-karate-deadly-techniques/
- Functional Kata I have been working on the Ashihara Karate section of the wiki. I like how they break out their kata by function. Rather than some elaborate traditional kata with a huge variety of moves (i.e. kicks, punches, throws, sweeps, etc.) & hidden meaning/tech...
- Dog and dog owner defense. Recently my 6 yr old was charged by a "friendly dog"... he ran into the street in fear. Thankfully this is a slow street. The owner is being a bag of snot. Saying "my dog never bit any one" and getting an attitude when I quote the leash and fence l...
- Kudo Helmet Since we are talking about the "different" type of protective headgear used in Daido Juku Kudo, I thought that you might like to watch this video that shows off the headgear. Looks like it is designed to be protective but also offer a lot of visibility...
- One Step Sparring Are there other sites that show one step sparring? I have reviewed all of the ones i was able to find yet i am unable to locate the One Steps i have been taught.
Highly Rated Posts on the Wiki Community
At no extra cost to you, Black Belt Wiki makes a small commission if you buy products via these Amazon links. Your purchase helps keep this wiki free for all visitors. Thank you for your support!
If you spot a typo, non-working video or missing information, please tell us & we will fix immediately!
Also help beginners & add your knowledge to this free wiki.
Material on this wiki may not be copied or reproduced without the written approval of Black Belt Wiki.
All rights reserved. For other terms & conditions, please read our legal disclaimer. This site is for informational purposes only. All martial arts techniques and fitness exercises should be supervised by a trained martial arts instructor in order to prevent injuries and to ensure the proper technique is utilized. If you have had an injury or are in pain, please see a doctor before starting or continuing any martial arts and/or physical fitness program.