Dynamic tension is a strength training exercise used in martial arts such as Karate. It involves using the muscles of the body against themselves to produce resistance that is equivalent to weight lifting exercises. This exercise is similar to isometric training but dynamic tension involves movement. For example, a martial artist will tense his arm muscles and then moves the arm while it is under this tension.
The benefits of dynamic training include greatly increased strength, stamina and endurance, better control over the body's muscles, increased internal strength (Ki) and better control over unwanted or unintentional tension and stress. Dynamic tension training has been used by many of the world's best martial artists (including the late great Bruce Lee). It has been also incorporated into the training of many of the world's leading athletes (including baseball player Joe Di Maggio and Olympic sprinter Allan Wells).
It is often said that dynamic tension was developed by the famous body builder Charles Atlas. However, it is in fact much older and has been a traditional part of Eastern martial arts such as Karate and Kung Fu for many years. Dynamic tension is a key component in the practice of traditional Okinawan Karate and is widely practiced by most Karate schools worldwide. In Karate, dynamic tension is mostly associated with the Kata - Sanchin (although all kata and kihon should and usually are practiced using the technique).
The following is a basic exercise used in Karate that will give non-practitioners or anyone not familiar with the exercise a basic idea of how to do it:
First enter into a basic stance and ready yourself to throw a straight punch.
Now take a deep breath (you will need it).
Tense the whole body but putting extreme tension on the muscles of the striking arm
Slowly begin to execute a straight punch. You should be exerting 100% force in trying to drive the punch forward (while keeping the muscles involved as tense as possible) yet also trying to restrain the technique by around 80-90%.
Extreme mental focus should also be applied to the extending arm during the technique especially to the knuckles (or the part of the body that will make contact when performing other technique under dynamic tension).
Slowly exhale during the extension of the arm. If done correctly, you will feel a tingling sensation in the associated muscles (as well as a sense of exhaustion) upon completing just one repetition of the exercise.
To perform a full kata under dynamic tension is initially very taxing. It is said that just one kata performed correctly under dynamic tension should leave the practitioner feeling exhausted.
Please visit the wiki community to read all of our members posts & replies. However, we have listed below some of the recent posts & top-rated topics added by our members to the wiki's social community. FYI - These are not wiki pages but rather are fantastic member generated questions & answers focused on martial arts topics. We hope you become a member.
Judo as Insurance Sometimes martial arts training is necessary so you can follow a different goal. This award winning ad was created for American Family Insurance. Will Black Belt Wiki
Karate Nerd in Okinawa Jesse Enkamp has once again travelled to Okinawa, the Home of Karate, and this time he's taking us with him. Having watched this it makes me want to go to Okinawa and Japan even more. I have found it very informative, and entertaining. It's not all ab...
Community "Clean Up" In about a week, I will be doing a little spring cleaning... all members who have never posted or commented on a conversation will be deleted. Also if you were an active poster but haven't posted or commented in the past year, we will also review your ...
At no extra cost to you, Black Belt Wiki makes a small commission if you buy products via these Amazon links. Your purchase helps keep this wiki free for all visitors. Thank you for your support!
If you spot a typo, non-working video or missing information, please tell us & we will fix immediately!
Also help beginners & add your knowledge to this free wiki.
Material on this wiki may not be copied or reproduced without the written approval of Black Belt Wiki.
All rights reserved. For other terms & conditions, please read our legal disclaimer. This site is for informational purposes only. All martial arts techniques and fitness exercises should be supervised by a trained martial arts instructor in order to prevent injuries and to ensure the proper technique is utilized. If you have had an injury or are in pain, please see a doctor before starting or continuing any martial arts and/or physical fitness program.