Brief History of Eskrima/Kali/Arnis

Join this free martial arts wiki & community. Add info & help beginners with Shotokan Kata, Kicks, Punches, Grappling, Taekwondo Forms & Patterns, Aikido, Goju-Ryu, Krav Maga, Bo Staff, Judo, Kyokushin, etc. Fitness & sports experts can help with Hojo Undo, Strength Training, Core Exercises, Warm-Ups, Balance, Stretching, etc. Meet your fellow martial artists by joining our Wiki Community.

Page Revision Date - 20 May 2015 15:37

A Brief History Of Eskrima/Kali/Arnis

According to the International Kali Arnis Eskrima Federation, "Over the centuries and with the influence of the various tribes and cultures in the Philippines, the martial arts developed to be highly effective. Certain tribes had limited stick fighting skills, such as only fighting at long range or short range, these were eventually combined which made the art a highly effective combat system.

The three best known names are Kali, Eskrima, and Arnis. Kali is the oldest term and has its origin in Cebuano, a dialect of the middle island groups, " Ka " stands for camot " hand ", and " Li " for lehok " movement ". As a whole, Kali can be translated into " movement of the hand ". A practitioner of Kali would be a Kallista.

The Spanish occupiers named the martial arts of the Filipinos " Eskrima ". That derives from the Spanish word " Esgrima " describing a brief fight or fencing. At first the Philippine martial arts were well regarded by the Spaniards. They eventually thought it to be too dangerous. By 1596 this art became unpopular, and in 1764 its practice was entirely forbidden. In the Filipino alphabet there is no "C" so the correct Filipino usage of the word would be Eskrima. Whereas Esgrima by westerners was some times changed to Escrima and an acceptable variation. Due to the Spanish origin a practitioner of Eskrima would be an Eskrimador.

This means was an attempt to destroy the entire Philippine culture. Books were burnt, and the use of the native alphabet was forbidden. In a disguised format the Filipinos kept their culture alive by incorporating the Kali movement into their religious Moro-Moro dances and by weaving the alphabet into the artistic needlework of their garments. Impressed by the dances, the skillful movement of the hands, the Spaniards named this art after their hand protection, the "arnes". Over time, this word evolved to "Arnis". Following the Spanish origin a practitioner would be an Arnisador.

For combatives of the style please refer back to the Eskrima, Arnis & Kali page.

Video of Eskrima Techniques

Reference Sources

  1. International Kali Arnis Eskrima Federation, History of Filippino Martial Arts, http://www.ikaef.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=59&Itemid=70&lang=en, Added - 01/03/14



Join the Black Belt Wiki Community
We hope you will join our free martial arts wiki & community.
Talk to fellow martial artists. Ask & answer questions. Discuss techniques.
You can also join via Facebook.

Wiki Recommendations by Google

New Community Posts

Please visit the wiki community to see the most recent members posts. However, we have listed below some of the top-rated posts added by our members to the wiki's social community. FYI - These are not wiki pages but rather are fantastic member generated martial arts questions & answers. We hope you become a member.

Highly Rated Posts on the Wiki Community




At no extra cost to you, Black Belt Wiki makes a small commission if you buy products via these Amazon links. Your purchase helps keep this wiki free for all visitors. Thank you for your support!




If you spot a typo, non-working video or missing information, please tell us & we will fix immediately!
Also help beginners & add your knowledge to this free wiki.



Material on this wiki may not be copied or reproduced without the written approval of Black Belt Wiki.
All rights reserved. For other terms & conditions, please read our legal disclaimer. This site is for informational purposes only. All martial arts techniques and fitness exercises should be supervised by a trained martial arts instructor in order to prevent injuries and to ensure the proper technique is utilized. If you have had an injury or are in pain, please see a doctor before starting or continuing any martial arts and/or physical fitness program.


Join the Black Belt Wiki Community
We hope you will join our free martial arts wiki & community.
Talk to your fellow martial artists. Ask & answer questions.
You can also join via Facebook.



Wiki Store - Books | DVDs | Shoes | Sparring Gear | Uniforms

Wiki
Martial Arts Products