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Wiki Revision Date - 25 Mar 2017 12:52
ITF Taekwondo Patterns - Videos & Written Instructions
This page provides free video and/or written instructions for ITF Taekwondo patterns 1 through 24. You will need to learn all of these Taekwondo patterns in order to pass your color belt and black belt tests at International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) schools. In order to master these ITF Taekwondo patterns, you will also need to study your Taekwondo kicks, punches, blocks and stances.
Students are often tested on the meaning of each ITF pattern. Therefore, you should visit the wiki section focused on meaning of ITF patterns in order to prep for a test. If you are looking for WTF Taekwondo forms (i.e. Taegeuk Il-Jang), please go to the main WTF Taekwondo Forms section.
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ITF Taekwondo Preparatory Exercises - These exercises are often used in order to prepare beginning students for the traditional patterns (i.e. Chon-Ji).
ITF Taekwondo Patterns - The patterns below include free video and/or written step-by-step instructions.
Reasons to Learn Taekwondo Patterns
Taekwondo patterns are also known as forms, teul, tul, poomse, poomsae, hyeong, hyung, etc. In Karate, this technique is known as kata. Taekwondo patterns are used to practice techniques (i.e. kicking combinations) as well as for improving strength & conditioning, balance, focus/concentration, etc. For additional benefits, you should read our section on the Benefits of Forms, Patterns & Kata.
To master Taekwondo patterns, martial arts students should try to imagine that they are fighting an imaginary opponent. This allows students to practice "offensive" and "defensive" techniques (i.e. strike the imaginary opponent's neck at the correct height and angle) versus just going through the motions in order to pass a belt test.
History of ITF Taekwondo Patterns
According to the International Taekwon-do Federation, "General Choi developed twenty-four Taekwon-Do patterns. He chose the number 24 to correspond to the 24 hours in the day, a continuously repeated cycle that represents eternity. He named each pattern (except Chon-Ji) after important people in Korean history, as a reminder of the importance of honoring and cultivating respect for those who have accomplished great things. For certain patterns, the shape of the diagram and the total number of movements representing the pattern are also significant. A Taekwon-Do pattern is a choreographed sequence of fundamental movements in an imaginary fight against one attacker or several. The execution of the movements requires the application of the Theory of Power. Correct breathing generates internal energy, which increases power".
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