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List of ITF Taekwondo Patterns (with Instructions)
This page provides free video and/or written instructions for ITF Taekwondo patterns 1 through 24. You will need to learn all of these Taekwondo patterns in order to pass your color belt and black belt tests at International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) schools. In order to master these ITF Taekwondo patterns, you will also need to study your Taekwondo kicks, punches, blocks and stances.
If you are looking for WTF Taekwondo forms (i.e. Taegeuk Il-Jang), please go to the main WTF Taekwondo Forms section.
Section supported by Taekwondo books.
ITF Taekwondo Preparatory Exercises - These exercises are often used in order to prepare beginning students for the traditional patterns (i.e. Chon-Ji).
ITF Taekwondo Patterns - The patterns below include free video and/or written step-by-step instructions.
Reasons to Learn Taekwondo Patterns
Taekwondo patterns are also known as forms, teul, tul, poomse, poomsae, hyeong, hyung, etc. In Karate, this technique is known as kata. Taekwondo patterns are used to practice techniques (i.e. kicking combinations) as well as for improving strength & conditioning, balance, focus/concentration, etc.
History of ITF Taekwondo Patterns
According to the International Taekwon-do Federation, "General Choi developed twenty-four Taekwon-Do patterns. He chose the number 24 to correspond to the 24 hours in the day, a continuously repeated cycle that represents eternity. He named each pattern (except Chon-Ji) after important people in Korean history, as a reminder of the importance of honoring and cultivating respect for those who have accomplished great things. For certain patterns, the shape of the diagram and the total number of movements representing the pattern are also significant. A Taekwon-Do pattern is a choreographed sequence of fundamental movements in an imaginary fight against one attacker or several. The execution of the movements requires the application of the Theory of Power. Correct breathing generates internal energy, which increases power".
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