Karate Titles & Karate Ranks
This page will help you to properly address Karate instructors, senior students and others by their correct Japanese title. These titles are used by most Karate sub-styles including Shotokan, Goju-Ryu, Wado-Ryu, Shito-Ryu and Kyokushin.
For additional Japanese terminology, please visit the main Karate Terminology section.
Meaning of Karate Ranks & Titles
Karate uses a 10 kyu and 10 dan system borrowed from Judo. This system is also used by other Japanese martial arts. The "Black Belt" was designed as a way to show competence in the art, not mastery of it. Achieving 1st dan is the beginning of the journey, hence why kyus count down and then dans count up.
Amazon - Karate Books
List of Karate Ranks
- No grade: white belt, though some schools use white as 10th kyu
- 10th kyu: usually yellow belt
- 9th kyu: usually orange belt
- 8th - 4th kyu: some order of blue, green, purple and sometimes red, and sometimes with two kyu's per color
- 3rd kyu: brown belt
- 2nd kyu: brown belt
- 1st kyu: brown belt
- Provisional Black Belt: (shodan-ho) "old school" trial black belt, basically meaning that you get your black belt but have to show over time that you have truly earned it. Not often used in modern school.
- Junior Black belt: similar to provisional black belt but for teen students who have the knowledge of a 1st dan but not the life experience, and physical capabilities of an adult. (this is sometimes a blackbelt with no dan stripe or a bicolor black/white belt)
- 1st - 5th dan: blackbelt (shodan, nidan, sandan, yodan, godan)
- 6th - 10th dan: "blackbelt" that is sometimes bicolored or with additional stripes often red, white, or gold. These dans are almost exclusively given not for learning new katas and moves but fine tuning the art within yourself, helping others though the art, and overall dedication.
List of Karate Titles
- Dai-Sempai: dai meaning "big" or great" and often used in the context "big brother of the class" (usually given to a 1st kyu brown belt and junior black belt)
- Senpai/Sempai: means "mentor" or "senior" often used to indicate an assistant instructor (usually 1st and 2nd dan)
- Sensei: means "one who came before" or has walked the path before and often used to indicate a fully capable teacher (usually given at 2nd or 3rd dan but can be given later)
- Shihan: is a master title for a senior instructor (earlies given at 4th dan) and equivalent to a doctorate degree
- Renshi: is a master title meaning "polished expert" (usually given at 6th dan)
- Kyoshi: is a master title meaning "teacher of teachers" (usually given at 7th dan)
- Hanshi: is a master title for the head master of a style
- Soke: is the absolute head of a style
- Shodai-Soke: is the founder of a style
Latest Pages Added to Wiki
Popular Community Posts
Latest Posts Added to Community
- Martial Arts Burnout & Recovering Lost Students We have talked about martial arts "burnout". This is when a student take an extended break or leaves martial arts entirely due to work/family problems, issues with time commitment, injuries or a wide variety of other causes. How does your school deal...
- Escrima "on the rocks" a clip of some fun stick work with one of my students last week blocking close quarter butting strikes while using footwork on the rocks by the shallows of the beach gonna take some more environmental training videos here in the next few weeks
- What is the biggest downside of martial arts training? How would you answer a potential student if they asked "What is the biggest downside of martial arts training"? I know that we all love martial arts training... but please do not give any answers like there are no downsides, etc. Try to point out some...
At no extra cost to you, Black Belt Wiki makes a small commission if you buy products via these links. Your purchase helps keep this wiki free for all visitors. Thank you for your support!
Material on this wiki may not be copied or reproduced without the written approval of Black Belt Wiki.
All rights reserved. For other terms & conditions, please read our legal disclaimer. This site is for informational purposes only. All martial arts techniques and fitness exercises should be supervised by a trained martial arts instructor in order to prevent injuries and to ensure the proper technique is utilized. If you have had an injury or are in pain, please see a doctor before starting or continuing any martial arts and/or physical fitness program.
Martial Arts Products
- Books - Most Popular Martial Arts Books
- Grappling - BJJ, Judo, MMA, etc.
- DVDs - Instructional DVDs
- Kata & Forms - Books & DVDs on Karate Kata, TKD Forms, etc.
- Shoes - Karate, Taekwondo, MMA, etc.
- Sparring Gear - Sparring Gloves, Headgear, etc.
- Strength & Conditioning - Books & Equipment
- Stretching & Flexibility - Books & Gear for Flexibility
- Training Gear - Punching Mitts, Heavy Bags, etc.
- Uniforms & Gi