Naginata - Japanese Martial Arts Weapon

Join this free martial arts wiki & community. Add info & help beginners with Shotokan Kata, Kicks, Punches, Grappling, Taekwondo Forms & Patterns, Aikido, Goju-Ryu, Krav Maga, Bo Staff, Judo, Kyokushin, etc. Fitness & sports experts can help with Hojo Undo, Strength Training, Core Exercises, Warm-Ups, Balance, Stretching, etc. Meet your fellow martial artists by joining our Wiki Community.

Page Revision Date - 28 Apr 2015 09:14

Naginata - Japanese Martial Arts Weapon

The Naginata is a Japanese halberd-like weapon where a curved blade is mounted on a long pole. The Japanese martial arts of Naginatajutsu focuses on training with this weapon.

The traditional Naginata weapon was at least 5 feet long and was tipped with a steel blade. In contrast, according to the British Naginata Association, the modern Naginata used for practice is "a minimum of 212 centimetres in length, and is primarily made of white oak… At the end of the white oak shaft, is a bamboo blade (like the halberd). For safety reasons the naginata blade is made of a strip of bamboo (2 pieces). In vigorous shiai (competition) this bamboo is flexible and absorbs shock".

For information on other traditional martial arts weapons, please visit the main Martial Arts Weapons page.

Summary of Naginata Techniques and Style

Traditionally Naginata were used by Samurai and Warrior Monks.(Yamabushi) .Given its length and cutting power, Samurai found the Naginata very useful against mounted enemies. It was (and indeed still is) one of the weapons that became popular with Samurai women.

Today, Naginata are used in Naginatajutsu (old-styled) and Naginata-Do (modern-style) martial and are taught in some Schools of Ninjutsu and some Bujutsu Ryu. These martial arts style uses Naginata in kata and in sparring matches against opponents armed with other Naginata or with other weapons such as the Katana and Kusarigama.

According to the International Naginata Federation, "There are two different kinds of competition in Naginata. Shiai-kyōgi is that similar to Kendo competition. Armour (bōgu) is worn and competitors engage in sanbon-shōbu. That is, the first to get two points within the designated time limit wins. There are both individual and team matches. Teams have three or five members. As in Kendo, three referees (shimpan) adjudicate matches. In shiai-kyōgi, the criteria for valid points (yūkō-datotsu) are defined by the All Japan Naginata Federation’s Tournament Regulations: “An accurate strike with the naginata’s datotsu-bu (monouchi) must be made to a datotsu-bui (stipulated target area) with correct posture, vigorous spirit, while calling out the name of the target being struck.” The stipulated target areas are men (helmet; front, left, right), dō (plastron; left, right), sune (shin guard; left, right, both inner and outer), kote (gauntlet; left, right), tsuki (straight thrust to the throat).

Basic methods for using the naginata include furiage (lifting the naginata overhead and striking), mochikae (swapping grip to enable attacking from the opposite side or from a different angle), furikaeshi (spinning the naginata overhead), kurikomi (pulling the naginata in to shorten the length to strike closer in), kuridashi (extending the naginata, thereby facilitating attacks from a further distance). In all cases, either the sharp side (monouchi) of the blade or the butt-end (ishizuki) must make contact with one of the official target areas for the point to be counted as valid.

The other type of competition is called engi-kyōgi. In this competition, a team of two is pitted against another pair. Both teams perform set-forms or techniques. There are two variations: One involves performing three or five of the shikake-ōji techniques simultaneously, and the other involves doing the All Japan Naginata Federation Kata."

YouTube Video - Modern Naginata Versus Kendo Opponent

YouTube Video - Traditional Naginata Versus Katana

References

  1. International Naginata Federation, What is Naginata?, http://international-naginata.org/drupal/node/1, Added - 5/29/13
  2. British Naginata Association, FAQ, http://www.naginata.org.uk/about/faq/, Added - 9/8/13



Join the Black Belt Wiki Community
We hope you will join our free martial arts wiki & community.
Talk to fellow martial artists. Ask & answer questions. Discuss techniques.
You can also join via Facebook.

Wiki Recommendations by Google

New Community Posts

Please visit the wiki community to see the most recent members posts. However, we have listed below some of the top-rated posts added by our members to the wiki's social community. FYI - These are not wiki pages but rather are fantastic member generated martial arts questions & answers. We hope you become a member.

Highly Rated Posts on the Wiki Community




At no extra cost to you, Black Belt Wiki makes a small commission if you buy products via these Amazon links. Your purchase helps keep this wiki free for all visitors. Thank you for your support!




If you spot a typo, non-working video or missing information, please tell us & we will fix immediately!
Also help beginners & add your knowledge to this free wiki.



Material on this wiki may not be copied or reproduced without the written approval of Black Belt Wiki.
All rights reserved. For other terms & conditions, please read our legal disclaimer. This site is for informational purposes only. All martial arts techniques and fitness exercises should be supervised by a trained martial arts instructor in order to prevent injuries and to ensure the proper technique is utilized. If you have had an injury or are in pain, please see a doctor before starting or continuing any martial arts and/or physical fitness program.


Join the Black Belt Wiki Community
We hope you will join our free martial arts wiki & community.
Talk to your fellow martial artists. Ask & answer questions.
You can also join via Facebook.



Wiki Store - Books | DVDs | Shoes | Sparring Gear | Uniforms

Wiki
Martial Arts Products