Sanjiegun (Three Section Staff) - Chinese Martial Arts Weapon

Martial Arts - Books | DVDs | Top 10 | Sparring | Shoes | Uniforms

This free martial arts wiki will help you with Shotokan Kata, Taekwondo Forms, Kicks, Punches, Grappling, Aikido, Goju-Ryu, Krav Maga, Bo Staff, Kyokushin, Terminology, etc. We will also help you with your martial arts Agility, Balance, Conditioning, Flexibility, Speed, Strength, etc. Page Date - 17 Jun 2015 01:41

Sanjiegun (Three Section Staff) - Chinese Martial Arts Weapon

The Sanjiegun (also known as the Panglong Gun) is a Chinese Battle martial arts weapon dating back to the Song Dynasty. It consists of 3 sticks typically between 24 and 30 inches long with the outer 2 staves connected to the middle stave by around 4 to 5 inches of chain or rope. Thus the name the weapon is often referred to in the west the 3 section staff.

Historically, the main functions of the weapon were to attack mounted opponents and to attack opponents protected by shields, other weapons, trees or any other obstacle that would make a direct assault with other weapons difficult (with a 3 section staff you can literally strike an opponent round a corner).

The overall length of the Sanjiegun is around the same as a typical Bo Staff and indeed many Bo like techniques can be utilized with the weapon. Nunchaku like techniques can also be performed by holding 2 of the staves in one hand and swinging one of the outer staves in an arc toward the intended target area of an opponent. Also the 2 outer staves can be held one in each hand to execute double stick techniques (though this requires a considerable degree of skill to master owing to the intervening middle stave. The 3 section staff really comes into it's own though when used as a sort of whip where holding one of the outer sticks in a one or 2 handed grip it is swung at long reach and with great force either horizontally, vertically or diagonally at an opponent. However, as with the slightly less tricky Nunchaku, much of the skill involved in wielding this weapon correctly (and safely) revolves around the control of the independent staves when a blow misses or is blocked, In addition, the control of the weapon when it connects with the target (as with the Nunchaku), the jointed staves have a tendency to rebound on impact.

The Sanjiegun is also an excellent defensive weapon as all 3 staves can be used to block (it is also one of the few one piece martial arts weapons that can be used to block and strike simultaneously). Also as with Nunchaku, the 3 section staff is well suited to trapping an opponent or their weapon and can also be used in conjunction with locks and throws. Overall, though it is one of the trickiest of all traditional martial arts weapons to master it is also one of the most versatile.

Nowadays. the 3 section Staff is taught in various Kung Fu and Wushu schools. There is also an Okinawan version of the 3 section staff called a Sansetsukon that is used in Kobudo.

For other traditional Chinese martial arts weapons, please visit the main Martial Arts Weapons section.

Demonstration Video of the Sanjiegun in a Martial Arts Movie "Battle"


Martial Arts Books
Aikido | BJJ | Flexibility | Kids | Judo | Karate
Krav Maga | Shotokan | Taekwondo | Top 10 | Zen | Other



Other Popular Black Belt Wiki Pages




Join the Black Belt Wiki Community. This is the wiki's free martial arts social networking site!!!
Beginners & color belts can ask questions, share knowledge & meet fellow martial artists. Black belts can teach and help those just starting out. You will learn more about your style, other martial arts and/or new techniques. You can also join the wiki community via Facebook.

New Community Posts - Recent Member Posts & Questions

  • Top 10 Samurai Movies Since I am updating the wiki's section on the best martial arts movies, I thought you might like this clip on the "top 10" samurai movies. Here is the wiki's section on classic martial arts movies - http://www.blackbeltwiki.com/martial-arts-movies Wi...
  • Planks & Martial Arts Strength This Popular Science article looks at how planks help to reduce lower back pain in runners - https://www.popsci.com/deep-core-muscle-running-back-pain#page-2 This should be true for any endurance sports (i.e. martial arts) because planks focus on your...
  • It's Supposed To Hurt I have visited many martial arts schools over the years and I am struck by the lengths some teachers go to provide a fun, enjoyable experience for their students. Pleasant, colorful atmosphere, crisp, starched uniforms with no blood or sweat stains, mi...
  • New member here: Share my experience New member to BB Wiki community and want to publish my first post and share my experience. First, I am 66 years old, and have been practicing Tae Kwon Do, with Shotokan as the present discipline. When I was in my 20's I studied TKD under Master Ky Yun...

Popular Community Posts - Top-Rated Member Posts & Questions

Latest Martial Arts Pages Added to Black Belt Wiki






If you find this free martial arts website useful,
we hope you will bookmark us or add us to your phone’s home screen.
Or follow us on Twitter, RSS, Facebook or by email.






Material on this wiki may not be copied or reproduced without the written approval of Black Belt Wiki.
All rights reserved. For other terms & conditions, please read our legal disclaimer. This site is for informational purposes only. All martial arts techniques and fitness exercises should be supervised by a trained martial arts instructor in order to prevent injuries and to ensure the proper technique is utilized. If you have had an injury or are in pain, please see a doctor before starting or continuing any martial arts and/or physical fitness program.


Martial Arts Gear