Taekwondo - Instructions for Forms & Patterns, Techniques, etc.

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Taekwondo - Instructions for Forms & Patterns, Techniques, etc.

Taekwondo is a popular Korean martial arts style that is focused primarily on kicks, blocks and punches & strikes. Most Taekwondo schools also teach joint locks, forms, Korean terminology and some throws. This Korean martial arts is best known for its spectacular kicks (i.e. tornado kick and spinning hook kick).

Taekwondo Forms & Patterns - Click on each section below for videos & detailed instructions on these forms and patterns.

Main Elements of Taekwondo - Click on each section below for videos & detailed instructions.

Misc. Taekwondo Elements

Taekwondo History

According to the World Taekwondo Federation, "In the latter part of ancient times on the Korean peninsula, three kingdoms were rivaling among them for the hegemony. They were Koguryo, Paekje and Shilla all indulged in growing national strength with trained warriors. Therefore, the Korean history tells that there were military personalities among the well-known prominent national leaders of the three kingdoms, which proves the military tendency of ruling hierarchy. As a result, youth warriors were organized, such as "Hwarangdo" in Shilla and "Chouisonin" in Koguryo, which both adopted martial art training as one of the important subjects of learning. A known martial art book of the days, called "Muyedobo-Tongji" wrote "Taekwondo is the basis of martial art, enabling one to build strength by using the hand and foot freely and training arms and legs as well as the body to adaptable to any critical situations," which means Taekwondo was already prevalent in that age. Thus, it can be easily assumed that Taekwondo was originated from the days of tribal communities on the Korean peninsula."

Taekwondo Federations and Associations

The largest global Taekwondo organizations are the WTF (World Taekwondo Federation) and ITF (International Taekwondo Federation). Nevertheless, there are other growing Taekwondo associations such as the ATA (American Taekwondo Association), ICTF (International Chang-Hon Taekwon-do Federation) and TA (Taekwondo America).

Taekwondo schools use forms/patterns/poomse to teach kicking combinations, build endurance, improve balance & coordination. However, different Taekwondo federations and associations teach different forms and patterns (i.e. schools in the International Taekwondo Federation teach ITF Taekwondo Patterns and World Taekwondo Federation schools teach WTF Taekwondo Forms). Forms/patterns/poomsae are ritualized patterns were students combine various strikes, kicks, stances and blocks. Knowledge of and solid execution of forms/patterns/poomsae is part of a Taekwondo's school belt testing system.

Beyond the difference in forms and patterns, most Taekwondo federations and associations teach similar techniques (i.e. kicking). For example, in many Taekwondo schools, beginners learn basic kicks such as the front kick and push kick. Intermediate color belts learn kicks such as the side kick and back kick. High colored belt students learn more advanced kicks such as the spinning hook kick. Once you become a black belt, you will work on perfecting these kicks (i.e. improving their power and accuracy), joining them together into effective combination kicks and learning additional advanced kicks (i.e. the flying back kick).

Underlying Taekwondo Principles

Many traditional martial arts have a set of underlying principles and/or basic martial arts philosophy that helps to guide a student's behavior and progress. Students who belong to the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) rely on five basic tenets as a guide for their behavior and progress.


For other interesting martial arts polls & questions, please visit the main wiki Polls section.




References

  1. Taekwondo Animals.com, http://www.taekwondoanimals.com, Added - 04/10/13
  2. World Taekwondo Federation, Ancient Times, http://www.wtf.org/wtf_eng/site/about_taekwondo/ancient_timers.html, Added - 09/14/13
  3. International Taekwondo Federation, Moral Culture, http://www.itftkd.org/?Content=MoralCulture, Added - 02/13/14




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  • 01/29/15 - In the midst of adding and expanding wiki pages, we took a break and created a martial arts country quiz. It tests you on the country origin of various martial arts styles. It even asks you where Bruce Lee was born. The quiz starts off easy and gets harder. See if you can score 100%! If you think the quiz needs more questions, please post them on our message board.
  • 01/26/15 - We are expected to get 2-3 feet of snow over the next 24 hours. I apologize in advance if we are slow to respond or post new info over the next 1 or 2 days. We will be busy digging out! :)
  • 01/20/15 - We just sent our monthly "technique" newsletter where we focus on an interesting or useful martial arts technique. This month's newsletter highlighted Krav Maga defenses against knee strikes. Did you find this technique useful or useless? You can vote it up or down on the Technique of the Month section.
  • 01/13/15 - Our thanks to Neil for catching an error on one of the Shotokan Karate katas. FYI - This wiki can not improve & help you unless people add information and/or correct problems. Therefore, if you spot anything, please contact us… we don't bite (much). :)
  • 01/13/15 - We are working on building out the section on Gensei-Ryu katas. If you are a Gensei-Ryu Karate student, we could use your help. Please contact us and tell us how to improve this kata section, point out good kata videos, etc.
  • 01/07/15 - Want to test your martial arts knowledge? We have created a martial arts quiz section. It has quizzes for Karate terminology, Taekwondo numbers, etc. You can even copy the code and add it to your school website or blog in order to test your students and make your website more interactive.
  • 01/03/05 - We want to thank Michelle for her work on the Bartitsu section. Bartitsu is the real-life martial arts associated with the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes. Please visit Michelle's blog - http://michelle1130.wordpress.com/
  • 01/03/15 - We just added the Jan 2015 Poll of the Month to the wiki home page. It asks "What is the most spectacular & acrobatic kick for demonstrations & breaking competitions?". We hope you vote for your favorite kick. To learn more about any of these acrobatic kicks, please visit the main Martial Arts Kicks section.
  • 01/01/15 - We have added a new wiki section focused on knee strikes. If we are missing any knee techniques or you can think of a way to improve this section, please let us know.

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