Wing Chun - Instructions for Techniques, Forms, etc.

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Wing Chun - Instructions for Techniques, Forms, etc.

Wing Chun is a Chinese martial arts focused on strikes, grappling and weapons training. This popular martial arts has become even more well-known due to the success of the martial arts movie "Ip Man" in 2008 (where Donnie Yen plays a Wing Chun Grandmaster).

Amazon Wing Chun Books

Main Elements of Wing Chun - Videos & instructions

History & Description of Wing Chun

Wing Chun's specialty is close combat. It uses simultaneous attack and defense with footwork that drives in towards the body of the opponent. Force and strength are dealt with through positioning, structure, and timing rather than with more brute force. There are no belts in Wing Chun Kung Fu and skill is seen as a "martial intelligence" which involves proper understanding and application of the art's principles. [2] [4]

Wing Chun is unique in that it is thought as the only martial art created and made famous by a woman. According to Wan Kam Leung Practical Wing Chun, "About 300 years ago, Ng Mui, the Shaolin nun who developed the system, realized that most of the techniques in Shaolin Kung Fu were ineffective for a small woman to use against a larger, stronger man. She also realized that a woman could not match a man's stamina in a long fight. With this in mind, Ng Mui developed a system of self defense that enabled a smaller, weaker person such as herself to defeat a bigger, stronger person." [1] Another popular legend states that Ng Mui was one of five elders who fled the destruction of the southern Shaolin temple in the late 17th century. Later, she met a young woman called Yim Wing Chun, who was being forced into marriage with a bandit warlord. Ng Mui taught elements of Shaolin Kung Fu to Yim Wing Chun and this allowed Yim to defend herself against the bandit. Given her success, Yim became Wing Chun's name sake. Ng Mui is said to have been inspired by a crane's movements when she developed the art of Wing Chun. [5]

The center-line is an all important component and falls under the category of balance in two senses: as a reference line equally dividing the body from the scalp to in-between the heels, and as an element of the opponent that should be knocked out of equilibrium. The center-line is also thought to be the most desirable place to land a blow, as the opponent will have to absorb the total force of the blow directly on their rotational axis rather than a glancing hit to a shoulder or rib. Physical balance is trained through foot work and the Yee Jee Kim Yueng Ma (goat restraining or horse stance), and learn mental balance is developed while playing Chi Sao and performing the various Wing Chun forms.[4]

Practitioners train sensitivity by closing their eyes during drills and Chi Sau in order to become less reliant on multiple sensory input, such as vision. While a practitioner will not close their eyes in an actual conflict, being able to feel changes of energy and motion in the limbs of an attacker allows for a more instinctual response.Due to its ruthless tactic of flooding vital areas with devastating strikes, Wing Chun makes for an effective form of self defense, but is usually hobbled for this reason in sporting contexts. The style uses punches, kicks, finger jabs, sweeps, elbows, palm strikes, trapping and control techniques as part of its fighting arsenal. Bruce Lee, Robert Downey Jr., Christian Bale, Donnie Yen and Stephen Chow were or are Wing Chun practitioners.[1] [2]

Grandmaster Ip Chun

First form, Siu Nim Tao

The late Yip Man playing Siu Nim Tao


There are many different facets of the Wing Chun system. Learning this style of Kung Fu involves knowledge of the three open hand forms, two weapons forms, dummy forms(Mook Yan Jong), an in depth study of its principles in practice, and extensive Chi Sau playing. There are no belts, and students' originality is emphasized. They are encouraged to nourish their own growth from their own perspective rather than copy or rely on a masters experience. A good school's Sifu will go as far as hiding their Chi Sau playing from more impressionable beginners(Sidais) so they are forced to stay self reliant. A Sidai is a younger student, a Sihing has attained some level of proficiency but is still under the Sifu, and the Sigang was the Sifu's former teacher. Some basic drills for two partners:

Pak Sau - One student practices punching straight down their center-line, while another deflects the punches by applying forward energy down their own center-line with an open handed block known as Pak Sau or "slap block".[4]

Lap Dar - Both students alternate between blocking with a Bong Sau(wing arm), and the other with a punch fully extended over the block. The student with their Bong Sau will Lap Sao, or "pull", the attacking hand away from center-line and respond with another punch. The motion ends with the former attacker parrying the attack with their own Bong Sau, and from then the exercise is repeated.[4]


1. Wan Kam Leung Practical Wing Chun,, Added - 5/29/13
2. Ip Man, Wing Chun Kung Fu,, Added - 6/02/13
3. Samuel Kwok Wing Chun Association, - Added 6/02/13
4. Belohana, Wayne. The Wing Chun Compendium, Volume 1. Added - 2/26/15
5. The History of Wing Chun, Added - 2/26/15

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